Exercises for correct posture
The most common endemic systemic mycoses:
Histoplasmosis is transmitted via the droppings of birds and bats. The defeat takes the form of atypical pneumonia, accompanied by impaired consciousness, fever and respiratory symptoms. With progressive increases for liver, spleen, and decreases weight. Usually within 2 months comes death. In the elderly with concomitant lung disease found in chronic pulmonary histoplasmosis. This fungal infection often seen in AIDS.
The causative agent of coccidioidomycosis – mold fungi of the soil. It rarely affects the tissues of the body, but causes high mortality. The disease causes symptoms of the respiratory organs, fever, pleurisy, the pain and swelling of large joints.
Pneumocystis pneumonia rarely develops in healthy people. The result of immunosuppression in AIDS there are cases of strong fever, shortness of breath, coughing. Without treatment, the disease causes rapid deterioration and death of the patient.
Opportunistic pathogens of systemic mycoses live on the human skin without causing it harm. The disease occurs when the depression of protective forces of an organism (HIV, prolonged therapy with glucocorticoids, cytotoxic drugs, diabetes).
Aspergillosis occurs in patients with severe immuno deficiency. This deep fungal infection usually affects patients with advanced stage AIDS, causing pneumonia and collapse of lung tissue.
Zygomycosis (mukormikoz) is observed in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis, chronic renal failure and during treatment with immunosuppressants. Arise purulent lesions in various organs that are removed surgically. At the same time is assigned to the antifungal drug amphotericin.
Cause mycetoma – causative agents of actinomycosis and maduramicin. They come with leather in soft tissue injuries. Develops slowly progressive inflammatory process with formation of multiple abscesses and swish moves.
Blastomycosis affects the lungs, skin, bones, and genitourinary system. It often causes pneumonia and common wart rash.
Parakoktsidioidomikoz found only in Africa, Mexico, and Latin America. The disease affects the upper respiratory tract, the walls of which have deep ulcers.
Sporotrichosis occurs when contact with the soil. Occur subcutaneous dense nodes, which are then ulceration. Later the same formations appear along the lymphatic vessels.
Hromoblastomikoz – tropical infection that causes skin lesions. On the leg ulcer is formed, which over many years gradually increases and becomes papillomatous node.
Cryptococcosis occurs when dust or pigeon droppings in my lungs. The pathogen enters the bloodstream and affects any part of the body, but mainly the nervous system with the development of meningitis.
Systemic candidiasis is associated with a decrease in the number of leukocytes, the use of strong antibiotics, heavy operations. It can affect any organ with abscess formation, in particular, the peritoneum or the meninges.
Patients on the background of immunodeficiency appear a variety of symptoms of systemic mycoses:
- chest pain;
- shortness of breath;
- nausea and vomiting;
- disturbance of consciousness;
- skin rash and sores;
- abdominal pain;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- the collapse of the soft tissues;
- the signs of liver, kidney, heart and other organs.
Additionally, you may experience symptoms of superficial fungal diseases in the form of lesions of the skin, hair or nails.
Treatment of systemic mycosis is performed only in a hospital with the use of powerful antifungal agents.
Causes systemic mycosis
Deep mycoses in the majority of cases arise in various disorders of immunity. Healthy skin and mucous membranes of the respiratory tract do not pass germs in the fabric due to the presence of numerous immune cells. However, if you decline the fungi start to proliferate and cause the clinical manifestations of the disease.
- violation of immunity under the action of anticancer drugs, immunosuppression with organ transplants, long-term treatment with cytostatic drugs in rheumatoid arthritis and other systemic diseases;
- prolonged use of antibiotics, inhibition of the normal microflora of the person;
- the neonatal period;
- ulcers, poor circulation in the skin, diabetes;
- the poor hygiene in agricultural production, for example, the inhalation of vegetable dust.
Treatment of systemic mycosis
Deep fungal infections – severe disease. Treatment of systemic mycosis is often held in hospitals . It is aimed at the therapy of the underlying pathology, and also includes antifungal agents and General outdoor use. The cost of such treatment is very high.
An important condition for the successful treatment of deep mycosis:
- hygienic regimen that includes effective disinfection of premises, bedding, medical supplies;
- a complete diet with a predominance of lacto-vegetarian foods;
- the intake of b vitamins, C, minerals (phosphorus, calcium, iron);
- antiretroviral therapy for AIDS.
Treatment folk methods
Traditional medicines can be used only as a Supplement to medication. The use of medicinal plants based on their antifungal and immuno-modulating properties.
Used decoctions of these plants:
Their use may increases the efficiency of antimycotic drugs.
For stimulation of protective forces of an organism used infusions and decoctions of these plants:
- rhizome marshmallow;
- the celandine;
- cranberries and cranberry.
Patient useful, vitamin-rich broth hips and mummy and propolis. In pneumonia to facilitate the oxygen will help the infusion of licorice, mother and stepmother, lime blossom.
To use these herbal remedies only after consulting your doctor.
Prevention of the disease
To prevent the development of systemic fungal infection, you need to act on the body and prevent the ingress of pathogens.
The basis for the development of disease – immunodeficiency. It is important to regularly undergo medical examinations to detect any disease at an early stage, when there is a major need treatment with immunosuppressants, organ transplants, or bone marrow, etc. Annual anonymous survey on HIV infection will help to detect infection and start of antiretroviral therapy, which significantly reduces the risk of systemic mycoses.
In the treatment of tumors, connective tissue diseases, inflammatory processes you need to implement all the recommendations of doctors for the prevention of fungal infection.
When traveling through the countries of America and Africa, it is desirable to limit the contact with the dust or use a respirator. Required to use personal protective means of respiratory organs and of the skin and in agricultural work.